Posipo is one of culture in Buton that still exists until now in the society of Buton. Posipo means feeding with hand.
According tradition, Posipo is a term that refers to procession of tradition ceremony for feeding a pregnant woman with hand when she has the first pregnancy with age of pregnancy about 7 – 9 months. This ceremony is held by mothers and attended by relative or invited guests. It takes 1 – 2 hours with guidance an old woman who called “Bhisa” in Wolio language.
Implementation of Posipo is based at a hope in order that the pregnant woman can get ease in giving birth to the baby for the first time because there is opinion that the first child is an opener for the next birth. In Wolio, it is called Tumpe. The first birth is a special moment, but also it is full of risk for a woman.
The completeness of ceremony can be divided into 2 parts. They are:
- a. Infrastructure of ceremony.
It just needs a single room that can accommodate the invited guests, so they can sit to follow the ceremony.
- b. Equipment of ceremony.
It is the main element of ceremony. There are 2 parts, namely the personal equipment of pregnant woman and the equipment of ceremony. Posipo is not eligible without these two elements.
– The personal equipment of pregnant woman. Such as traditional dress and 2 meters of white cloth.
– The equipment of ceremony, such as
- Water for bathing.
- Legged brass tray (tala koae). It is used to put all types of food that is used for Posipo.
- Food for Posipo. It consists of rice, fish, chicken, and vegetables. They are processed to be traditional food according to recipe of Wolio food. Besides that, there are snacks, like rhomboid shape cake (waje), fried bananas (loka yi hole), bolu, onde – onde, bharuasa, palu, fried sweet potato (ngkaowiowi yi hole).
- Consumption for the invited guests.
The Management of Ceremony
It includes two phases: the preparation and the implementation of ceremony.
Preparation of Posipo is usually done at least a day before the day of Posipo. In this stage, there are a few things done by organizing family, among others:
1. Setting up the infrastructure and equipment of ceremony.
2. Coordinate with Bhisa (an old woman) from group Walaka.
3. Distribute an invitation to the nearest relatives, neighbors and friends.
Posipo ceremonial procession is divided into two phases. They are bathing and feeding.
1. Bathing (Pebhaho)
It is an initial activity of Posipo. This ceremonial procession carried out before the invited guests come and a special event involving pregnant woman and Bhisa. This activity is done in the bathroom by using water. The sequence of activities is:
- A pregnant woman who will be bathed uses white cloth as a bandage her body. She is seated on a footstool.
- Then Bhisa takes a good pitcher filled with water which had been prepared, and then she reads a prayer or mantra. After that, Bhisa pours water over herself.
2. Feeding (Posipo)
The event is done after the invited guests attend. The sequence of activities is:
- Pregnant woman with traditional dress sits before invited guests. Then, Bhisa opens the event by lighting incense and reads prayers.
- Doing Posipo. Posipo carried out by each person who attends the ceremony. They feed to pregnant woman alternately with food that is available on the trays. It is started from the closest relatives until the invited guests. After they finish doing that, they usually bring gift, it is like money or something. When this activity is completed, the event continued with having meal for the invited guests.